Several questions came in all at once from David this week. He asks, “How do I get rid of flies that like to hang around in my back yard and bask in the sunlight? Also, why would my tomato plants not produce any fruit? The flowers just shrivel up and die. AND, what can I do to prevent the worms from eating my tomato’s and apples? Thank you.”
Those are all great questions, David, with varied answers. Let’s start with flies:
Many people hang fly catchers in their backyards to keep flies to a minimum. There are plenty of articles and YouTube videos about how to make your own. If you have a pet, the flies are probably colonizing on nearby animal feces, or in your neighbor’s yard, so be sure to clean that up daily to interrupt the life cycle.
If your tomato plants are dropping flowers, it is one of two things: temperatures over 90 degrees cause flowers to drop without setting fruit, or you do not have enough potassium and phosphorus in your soil. Tomatoes are heavy feeders and require more nutrients than other plants. Use an organic fertilizer (I recommend doing a simple NPK soil test first to see if you are low in these nutrients) to amend based on test results.
Tomato Worms & Apple Worms
Worms in apples are different from tomato worms. Tomato worms are blacklight reactive, so you can bring a blacklight out at night and wave it over your plants to easily locate and remove tomato worms. Worms in apples are caused by coddling moths. Here is an article on how to prevent them.
I hope that helps, David, and thanks for writing in. If you like these tips, find more like them in my new book, 400+ Tips for Organic Gardening Success. It will help you in your garden year-round.