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Growing Garbanzo Beans (that’s chickpeas to you, darling)

You’ll find them in Indian food, hearty soups, and as a ubiquitous staple of the salad bar at Soup Plantation, but you might not know how good they really are until you’ve cooked them yourself.  Garbanzo beans, also known as chick peas, are usually undercooked when you buy them canned, and certainly don’t hold a lot of flavor on their own (kind of like tofu), but they are a great base for many dishes and very satisfying to grow.

We experimented with growing garbanzo beans in our test garden in spring of 2010.  We only had 8 square feet to dedicate, but that was enough to get a sense of what it’s like to grow this legume.

GarbanzoBeanSprouts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We sprouted the seeds indoors in flats, Grow BioIntensive style, and then transplanted them out to the garden in 8 square feet. As they grew, we noticed that they didn’t look like any other legume we’ve ever grown.  In fact, when touching the leaves, we’d come away with wet hands.  The undersides of the leaves would sweat somehow.  They were constantly moist.

floweringgarbanzobeans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Garbanzo Bean tendrils starting to flower

Tiny flowers appeared but it took awhile to notice any pods setting.  They were cleverly masked in the foliage.

podsforming

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A close up look at garbanzo bean pods forming. 

There’s only one bean inside each pod, so you can imagine the amount of work that goes into growing garbanzo beans.  (bow your head to your farmer the next time you sit down to a bowl of channa masala).  We over watered ours a little bit, so some pods never formed beans.

When it came time to harvest, the pods and tendrils had dried out.  The pods rattled a little and were crisp when squeezed.

drygarbanzobeans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We cut the pods from the tops of each tendril and separated the biomass.

Next came threshing the pods off the stem.  Borrowing an idea I had seen at Ecology Action, we did the shuffle:

threshinggarbanzobeans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stand on one end of the plant and shuffle over the rest of it with one foot.  The pods crack open and separate from the stem. After the preliminary separating, we had garbanzo beans and some chaff in the bucket, and stems on the side.

pre_winnowinggarbanzobeans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Next came winnowing, which can be a little tedious with a weak fan like the one we have.  Use a box fan if you have one, rather than the Vornado (gentle and effective, but not quite strong enough for the job here).  Pour the beans from one bucket to another.  The chaff will blow off and you’ll be left with this:

finalproduct

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Some green bits from immature vines became embedded in the garbanzo beans.  It will wash off later.

The finished product was about 7 ounces of beans, about 1 1/4 cups from 8 square feet.  Low yield indeed, but totally cool to grow. I think if we had not over watered, the yield would be higher.  If we grew this crop in 100 square feet, we would have yielded 87.5 ounces = almost 5 1/2 pounds, which is a little better than the beginner level yield estimated by Grow BioIntensive.

I’m proud of my cup of beans, and am looking forward to making something delicious with them.

Hey gardenerds, do you grow something that is really satisfying even if it doesn’t yield a whole bunch?  Share it with us here.

This Post Has 8 Comments

  1. Koushan

    Also enjoy them at their greenest raw

  2. Loretta

    I grew some this summer, planting pretty late. From the way the vines lasted well past first frost, I concluded that they should be treated more like peas (ie planted EARLY, kept cool if possible) than beans.

    1. Christy

      Great observation, Loretta. We’re in coastal Southern California, so cool summers are not unusual. It might be fun to try them in fall too, and see how they do.

  3. Christy Wilhelmi

    It’s been awhile, so my memory of it is a little vague. We watered with drip irrigation right at the soil surface, to conserve water and not get the foliage wet. It was on a timer, and if I remember correctly, we were most likely watering every 2 or 3 days for about 10 minutes.  It will depend on your soil and growing conditions though. Garbanzo beans like to stay moist during germination, and need sufficient water during flower and fruit setting stages. If you plant them close together like we did (using Grow BioIntensive hexagonal spacing) we didn’t loose much water to evaporation.  

  4. Avilee

    How much did you water? I decided to try garbanzos this year (up in the SF bay area, so probably a little cooler weather), and I’m concerned that perhaps not all of the pods have beans in them…

  5. Christy Wilhelmi

    We planted in early spring 2010 (that’s February / March here in Southern California) and probably harvested the dry beans in August or September (sorry, the memory is not that great these days).  If you were harvesting them fresh, you would pick them sooner, but we let them dry for storage.

  6. talina

    How long did they take? When did you plant them?

  7. Eckveldt

    The moist stuff on the leaves is, to my understanding, malic acid. I read in Seeds to seeds that in India women spread cloths around the plants at night and collect them in the morning, squeezing out the ‘dew’. Malic acid is used as medicine and as a flavor enhancer.
    – This really is a great post you’ve got, the pictures are spectacular!

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